Succulents need different soil from most plants in order to really thrive. The ingredients you need to make your own succulent soil are also accessible, all you need to do is look for: Garden soil, pumice, perlite, a part of compost, lava and coarse sand/or small marble pieces). For a general succulent mixture, combine 2 parts potting soil with 3 parts drainage material. River sand, gravel, perlite and vermiculite are good options. You can make your own succulent and cactus mix, … The best potting soil for succulents is a well draining potting mix. Of the 3 parts for drainage, use up to 1 part peat and 2 parts sand, perlite or vermiculite. But — and this is an important but — vermiculite is more compressible and less porous than perlite, giving vermiculite higher water-holding capacity when it’s used as a planting medium. Texture and Porosity. Today we will look into How to make your own DIY Soil Mixture for Succulents at home. Vermiculite, very few use it over here, but DaveW is right, things change in every gardening community. The roots, stems and leaves of succulents and cacti all store water and can easily succumb to root rot. Perlite holds less water and allows more soil aeration, so it should be used for plants with low water needs, such as cacti and succulents. But the greek cacti and succulent society actually suggests 6. Like perlite, vermiculite is an effective soil conditioner that can loosen compacted soil, provide drainage, and hold three to four times its weight in water. Opt for vermiculite to start seeds or whenever you’re working with plants that need their soil to … For example, if you are growing succulents or cactus, an addition of perlite is excellent as it dries out the soil quickly because these plants prefer dry soil such as the desert. ... Avoid minerals that store water, like vermiculite and non-calcined clays. I never used vermiculite after the first few years being in business (in the 1970’s), unless it was included in the big bales of potting soil. In short, choose perlite for cacti, succulents, epiphytes, when you’re rooting cuttings, and whenever quick drainage or maintaining high humidity is a concern. So, you need a good potting mix of porous soil so you can prevent overwatering your succulents. in most cases, it can even drain your entire porch. Vermiculite holds more water, so use vermiculite for seedlings and plants that need more moisture, or as a growing medium for hydroponics. Due to their different moisture retention qualities, vermiculite is better suited to moisture-loving plants such as ferns that enjoy consistent moisture, while perlite would be more suitable for succulents and other plants that prefer a drier growing medium. Indoors or out, there are a lot of factors that determine the right soil for healthy, beautiful plants. What makes perlite suitable is how porous it is, which allows water to be drained quickly. Generally a 3:1 ratio of organic matter, which is peat and soil, to inorganic drainage material, like sand, will create a suitable mixture for most succulents. The roots need oxygen and a mix which is light, well aerated, drains well and is soilless helps to prevent overwatering. Douglas Peckenpaugh, author of the book "Hydroponic Solutions, Volume 1," says that gardeners have to follow two rules to successfully grow succulents in hydroculture: Dilute the water-based fertilizer to half strength and use a substrate that lets the liquid seep through. Use up to 1 part peat and 2 parts potting soil for succulents is a well potting! 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