The Mughals arrived in India with the advent of Zahiruddin Mohammed Babur with his army in 1526 from Samarkand (now in Uzbekistan), who defeated the army of Ibrahim Lodhi in the first battle of Panipat, on the outskirts of Delhi, to lay the foundation of an empire that would continue to rule parts of India till the middle of nineteenth century. The sixth Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb also known by his regnal name Alamgir, ruled over the Indian subcontinent for over 49 years. 1. I … 1719-1739 26 Addeddate 2007-12-19 01:07:40 Bookplateleaf 0002 66-77 Patrick Conner, Oriental Architecture in the West , chaps. Afghans (Ibrahim Lodi) 40,000 cavalry 30,000 infantry 1,000 war elephants. Examples of the style can be found in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and … Marathas The Mughal Empire at its zenith commanded resources unprecedented in Indian history and covered almost the entire subcontinent. ITC Mughal Hotel Agra - ITC Mughal is one of the most luxurious hotels in Agra and the only hotel in India, which has won the prestigious ‘AGA KHAN’ Award for its excellent representation of the great mughal architecture. An overview of the founding of the Sikh religion started by Guru Nanak. December 10 LATER MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE, AND THE RECEPTION TO THE PRESENT DAY READINGS: Ebba Koch, Mughal Architecture , pp. Coronation of Shivaji His kingdom was divided into two parts: Swarajya and Mughlai. MUGHAL EMPIRE. Rana Pratap Singh, a Rajput ruler, however, continuously attacked Mughals and was able to retain most of the kingdom. Three surviving sons, Muazzam, Muhammad Azam and Muhammad Kam Bhaksh entered into bitter quarrels for the possession of the throne of Delhi. 9, 10, p. 179; Raymond Head, The Indian Style , pp. The mughal empire. 125-33; Thomas Metcalfe, An Imperial Vision , pp. HISTORY OF INDIA IN 1400SLush country many cities & templesHindu lower classes labored for Muslim/Hindu mastersGupta Empire collapsing1st Ottomans (Timur the Lame) conquers New Delhi, thenHuge clash between Hindus (India) & Muslims (Ottomans) Hindus wonNew Delhi is destroyed and weak, BABUR1494 11 yr. old boy, BABUR, inherits kingdom in N. India But elders drove him away, He moved south & later set groundwork for MUGHAL EMPIRE, Strong & sensitive leader; Renaissance Man, Defeated massive RAJPUT army (sons of kings or Turkish warlords & moved into New Delhi, Area weak, so nomadic people invade India, called Mughals or Mongols (Muslim), AKBAR: THE GOLDEN AGEGrandson of Babur; aka Great One, 1556 1605: comes to power, gains land & builds a unified Mughal Empire Golden Age, AKBARS ACCOMPLISHMENTSRules with religious tolerance, Bureaucracy of educated officials rules efficiently, Reorganized taxes to represent % of crops (more $), War-like armies are equipped with heavy artillery, AKBARS ACCOMPLISHMENTS CONTINUEDCultural diffusion many cultures/languages combinedUpper class spoke PersianCommon people spoke Hindi (Persian & local language) ; Army people spoke Urdu (Arabic, Persian & Hindi)book illustrations miniatures were detailed, colorful storieslibrary & schools architecture massive, graceful, decorated with stonework of Hindu themes, JAHANGIRAkbar dies in 1605; his son rules, weak ruler & relied on his wife, NUR JAHEN, Persecutes Sikhs religion that blends Buddhism, Hinduism, & mysticism, SHAH JAHANSecured throne through assassination of all rivals, Greatest accomplishment: built TAJ MAHAL, tomb for his deceased wife, Mumtaz Mahal, BUT country suffered because spent so much time & money to build it increased taxes, AURANGZEBShah Jahan sick, so 3rd son, AURANGZEB, takes throne (kills brother & puts S. Jahan in prison), EXPANDS MUGHAL EMPIRE TO ITS GREATEST SIZE, BUT empire is weak because of oppression of his people (harsh laws & destroys temples), EMPIRES DECLINE & DECAYLong line of weak rulers Mughal Emperor now only wealthy figurehead, Empire no longer united because of corruption; now bunch of independent statesEUROPEANS MOVE IN TO TRADEEuropeans (Portuguese, Dutch, French, & English) had trading outposts in Mughal Empire the whole time Mughals not threatened by them. Introduction • under the Mughals were an Islamic Empire and a summative assessment Life Agriculture... Their look Empire lasted from 1526 to 1858 ; for more than 200 years, till the gained... Governor of Bengal 17th centuries and faujdari ) as well means homeland, which was under direct control. Mughal-Afghan conflict on conquering Bengal \ History 1985 with its registered office 26. 28 Feb 2012 is subject to our Terms and Conditions the sixth Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb also by! 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