In contrast, leaf lettuce is a good source of beta carotene and a moderate source of fiber and carbohydrates. The elongated leaves of romaine and its thick white rib are its outstanding physical characteristics. How to use it: Pre-packaged mesclun mixes can be hit-or-miss; so if you're looking for a variety, it might be best to choose a few different types on this list and mix them together once you're home. The main ingredient in Caesar salads, romaine has a crisp texture and a strong, but not bitter, taste. Use arugula alone to stand up to tangy dressings such as lemon garlic vinaigrette and bold flavors such as blue cheese, or mix it with other lettuces as an accent note. As the star of the Caesar salad, romaine (L. sativa var. Almost all are bitter in flavor and are hardy, allowing for such cooking methods as braising or grilling. So to prevent bitter lettuce, grow it in semi-shade or in the cooler months in hot climates. ... Curly endive has a mildly bitter flavor and adds visual interest to salads. How to use it: Escarole is delicious raw, in salads, or cooked—especially when paired with beans in a stew. It's best planted in early spring, because once the heat hits its growth is stunted and the leaves turn bitter. Types of lettuce Escarole. How to use it: Tear individual leafs off a head of endive and serve on a crudité platter (they're great with dip), or fill them and place on a tray as hors d'oeuvres. rocket) has dark green leaves and a peppery flavor. How to use it: Keep these leaves whole or tear them into large pieces and toss in a salad that shows off their unique appearance. Characteristics: Iceberg is known for being very crisp, watery, and refreshing. In general, larger leaves tend to be stronger tasting, but if pungency is a concern, be sure to taste the batch before using. The leaves are crisp, sweet, and sturdy. If this is the case, try picking your lettuce right away in the early morning. Looseleaf lettuces go from seed to baby salads in 5 weeks, seed to salad in 7. A smaller, compact variety of cos lettuce. The unique oval shape, soft, satiny texture, and slight bitterness all mean it's a great addition to any salad. Instead of a generic looking and tasting salad, you can make something interesting to eat and look at. Harvest Younger Leaves. longifolia) is a familiar sight in the lettuce world. How to use it: This delicate, tender lettuce acts a great bed for other ingredients and won't compete with other flavors. For clarification's sake, types of lettuces can be generally placed in one of four categories: looseleaf, butterhead, crisphead, and romaine. This is the most-commonly known lettuce of all varieties. Whether you're using them raw or cooked, though, different types of lettuce can add quite a bit of texture and flavor to whatever you're making. Little gem Lettuce. Tradition says that a shallot vinaigrette brings out the best in mâche. Remember, also, to wash them thoroughly, especially before eating them raw. They need to be young for the best flavor raw; larger, older greens will take on a bitter edge that gets tamed by cooking. How to use it: Arugula can be eaten raw, in bold-flavored salads; wilted into pasta; cooked into a gratin; or blended into a pesto-like spread. Try it drizzled with a light vinaigrette or a sesame seed dressing. When wilted, the veins become brighter in color and a little bit sweeter. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Most lettuce varieties are eaten fresh and are commonly served as the base of green salads. Frisée is closely related to escarole. Characteristics: Although Little Gem lettuce resembles baby romaine, it's actually a full grown variety. Like its relative, Tom Thumb, Summer Bibb Butterhead Lettuce is a beautiful addition to any garden. Some iceberg lettuce varieties include: Ballade, Crispino, Ithaca, Legacy, Mission, Salinas, Summertime and Sun Devil, all of which mature in 70-80 days. You can also choose varieties that are best suited to your climate. Characteristics: Mesclun is not a specific type of lettuce, but rather a loose mix of tender baby lettuce leaves. It's also adds satisfying crisp, cool texture when shredded and stuffed into tacos, subs, and fried fish sandwiches. Mesclun means "mixed" in Provencal and is traditionally composed of several varieties of wild-harvested, young greens. RELATED: The Ultimate Guide to Cooking Every Type of Squash It can be a stand-alone salad green, or mixed with other chicories or sweet lettuces. How to use it: Call on romaine whenever you want superior crunch from your greens or a sturdy variety that can stand up to the grill. © 2020 Condé Nast. Give it a few extra swishes in the water to get them clean. Instead of growing lettuce to be a full head and then harvesting it, try picking it younger. You can blanch and braise this dark leaf to tame its intense flavor, but if you like the strong taste, match it with strong acidic and/or pungent dressings. Alternate names: Curly endive, chicory endive, curly chicory. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement (updated as of 1/1/21) and Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement (updated as of 1/1/21) and Your California Privacy Rights. It requires extra care when cleaning since sand and grit tend to gather in the nub of roots holding each rosette together. It is perfect for all kinds of salads. Look for both green leaf and red leaf lettuce with tender, slightly ruffled leaves, which varies from medium to dark … This list of 18 Types of Lettuce will help you in selecting the best lettuce varieties you should grow in your garden or containers.. Some might say it's stretching things to include dandelion greens here, but there are people who relish the sharp, bitter hit of raw dandelion. We also spend an inordinate amount of time scouring farmer’s markets for new lettuce varieties and in conversation with other lettuce lovers and lettuce growers. Arugula (a.k.a. These varieties of lettuce inclu… Most mesclun sold today is cultivated, meaning planted as beds of mixed lettuce seeds and harvested when the leaves reach the desired size of 3 to 6 inches. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, Batavia Lettuce (a.k.a. Characteristics: The shape of this butter lettuce's leaves are similar to that of the oak tree, thus, its name. While other types may dry, turn bitter and bolt, romaine types will continue to grow and produce more leaves. A prime example of a crisphead is iceberg lettuce: its round head is made up of tightly packed, crunchy leaves. French Crisp or Summer Crisp), Photo © PhotoAlto/Laurence Mouton/Getty Images, Photo © Maximilian Stock Ltd./Getty Images, Photo © Ryoji Yoshimoto/Aflo/Getty Images, Putting to Rest the Chicory-Endive-Escarole Confusion, 15 Festive Christmas Salads for Your Holiday Dinner, 10 Fresh and Tender Spring Greens for Salads, Southern Wilted Lettuce With Hot Bacon Dressing Recipe. The most common vegetables used as bitter herbs are horseradish and romaine lettuce. For this reason, leaf lettuce is generally more perishable than head varieties. Mizuna (aka Japanese greens, spider mustard, xue cai, kyona, potherb mustard, and California Peppergrass): This Japanese mustard green is typically sold as part of a premade salad mix but can be purchased loose at the farmers market or specialty shop. You waited until the last spring frost and quickly sowed the seeds for your lettuce bed. It stays crisp and doesn't bolt (flower) and turn bitter as easily as other lettuces, so is a favorite with summer gardeners who want to keep themselves in lettuce all season long. Preventing Bitter Lettuce. Becoming familiar with your greens will enable you to enjoy a variety of salads. It tends to have a bit of a bitter edge, so know your audience or use them sparingly with other salad greens. It stays fresh longer than any other type of lettuce, if kept at a constant cool temperature. It can also be referred to as Cutting, Leaf, or Bunching lettuce. Butter Lettuce or Boston Lettuce . This is when your lettuce is the sweetest and, actually, it’s always the best time to pick it! Nothing tastes better than crisp lettuce straight from the garden. Why does lettuce turn bi… Little Wedge Salad With Sour Cream Dressing, Alternate names/varieties: Crisphead, Reine de Glace, Igloo lettuce. Leaf Lettuce is possibly the most popular type of salad green, enjoyed for its universally appealing taste and texture as well as its attractive appearance. Cut a head into quarters and try it on the grill tonight with a romanesco sauce. Looseleaf Lettuces are colorful, easy, and fast-growing lettuce varieties. Add Comment Be the first to comment! 03 of 10. Mizuna has a relatively strong, spicy flavor when compared to other salad greens, but its flavor won't overpower a dish. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. Because of the small size of the leaves, trying to create a whole salad with a base of mâche can be expensive. Use it in a sophisticated-but-simple side salads, toss them into a saucy noodle dish, or use them to top a spring pizza. Alternate name/varieties: Batavia lettuce, leaf lettuce, green leaf lettuce, red leaf lettuce, Redina. Whatever cress we're talking about, they're all members of the mustard family. Butterheads are also round, but the leaves are more loose and have a smoother texture than those of their crisphead cousins. However, you can add salad dressing easily to contrast its bitter flavor. Round Lettuce . It is widely grown in China, and is also known as Chinese lettuce. Far from the shrink-wrapped iceberg lettuce we all know so well—perfectly round and crunchy, almost all water, and able to last a long time after harvest—the multitude of lettuce varieties available at the grocery store and farmers markets offer a wide range of textures, colors, and flavors. From a distance, one could mistake it for red leaf and green looseleaf lettuce, but a closer look will reveal differences in shape and texture: this type of lettuce has leaves that are a little shorter and more squat, and the tops of their leaves have a softer texture than their red leaf and green leaf counterparts. Based on their shapes and sizes (and also streaks of colors), here are some varieties of lettuce: Tender and sweet, this lettuce does not only have a delicate flavor. Probably the most popular and the cheapest of the lettuce varieties, Iceberg is the most used on burgers and in salads due to its mild, neutral taste and massively crunchy texture. Stem lettuce: A thick edible stem, 6 to 8 inches long, distinguishes stem lettuce from other types. Bibb is the more expensive of the two and is often sold in a plastic container to protect the delicate leaves. Butter lettuce is commonly available. It has spiky dark green leaves that have a surprisingly delicate texture and delightfully peppery, even spicy kick. How long does hydroponic lettuce take to grow? Characteristics: They have a mild flavor and are very pliable, despite the crunchy stem. The leaves can be bitter, like escarole, but the stalk, which should be peeled, has a nutty, cucumber-like flavor. Alternate names/varieties: Batavian endive, scarole, broad-leaved endive. The Tom Thumb variety is easy to handle and grows large enough for one head to be enough for two people. Be sure to wash all forms of cress thoroughly, since they often grow in sandy ground. Characteristics: Pronounced "rah-dick-ee-yo," you can find this deep-red-purple vegetable sold either as a compact round head, as pictured above, or shaped like its relative, endive. Like many varieties of lettuce, Batavia comes with all green or red-tinted leaves. Alternate names/varieties: Butter lettuce, Boston, bibb (limestone), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce. How to use it: Frisée's frilly texture is best enjoyed raw or slightly warmed through. Wild-harvested arugula is the most pungent; look for it at farmers markets and local foods co-ops. Pronounced “rah-dick-ee-yo,” this bitter lettuce also goes by red chicory and is easy to spot from its purple color. Much cultivated "watercress" is actually garden cress, which has slightly less bite and crunch than its watercress cousin. The bright green leaves are tart and quite lemony. Of course, you can chop up brilliant magenta radicchio or its longer, leaner cousin, Treviso, to put in salads, but speckled radicchio is a real beauty. Since most Belgian endive is now grown indoors (it used to be grown buried in sand to keep the leaves white), it's a great option come dead of winter when you're craving that satisfying fresh-leaf crunch. The edges of baby arugula aren't as defined. Share options. There isn't a taste difference between the two, so choose whichever will look best on your table. How to use it: Cress has a bold flavor, but delicate texture. ... and imparts a bitter flavour. 9. Mild in taste, the leaf lettuce is also like the red-tip leaf one, perfect for all kinds of salads. Alternate names: Sucrine, Sugar Cos, baby gem. Little Gems are especially delicious with thinly sliced radishes or spears of gently steamed asparagus. Its crunchy texture can stand up to any dressing, from a light gingery vinaigrette to a full-blown thick and creamy blue cheese dressing. Interesting Fact: Lettuce is actually part of the daisy family! How to use it: The leaves can be eaten like any other lettuce variety: raw or wilted into soups. Some examples of Romaine, Cos or Gem lettuce include Paris Island Cos, Winter Density, Lava Lamp Romaine and Pomegranate Crunch. The five varieties of lettuce that can be grown in the garden include the following: Start iceberg lettuce via seed directly sown 18-24 inches apart or started indoors and then thinned 12-14 inches between heads. It is the most basic and common lettuce variety. There are three types of leaf lettuce: red, green, and oak. Want to get to know each type of salad green? The rich, outer leaves and delicate inner leaves are crisp, with a sweet flavour. Another type of butter lettuce, Boston lettuce is known for its soft and sweet leaves that can serve as a great bed for salads or for lettuce cups. Frisee (pronounced as “free-zay”) is one of the varieties of endive. Loose Leaf Lettuce. The leaves can be long and spiked or shorter and more rounded, but they all share that dark green color. There are two types of leaf lettuce here based on their color: green leaf lettuce and red leaf lettuce… As the name states, looseleaf lettuces are loosely gathered, growing as a rosette, enabling the grower to just remove the leaves rather than harvest the entire plant. Baby tatsoi is usually sold loose, but when mature, tatsoi can be purchased whole, in the shape of a rosette, and it is often cooked intact in stir-fries. Ad Choices, 18 Types of Lettuce and the Best Ways to Eat Each One, Photo by Chelsea Kyle, food styling by Katherine Sacks, Photo by Chelsea Kyle, Prop Styling by Alex Brannian, Food Styling by Ali Nardi, Photo by Chelsea Kyle, Food Styling by Olivia Mack Anderson, Photo by Alex Lau, Prop Styling by Kalen Kaminski, Food Styling by Rebecca Jurkevich, Photo by Stephen Kent Johnson, Prop Styling by Kalen Kaminski, Food Styling by Rebecca Jurkevich, Photo by Chelsea Kyle, Food Styling by Rhoda Boone, Bibb Lettuce, Chicken, and Cherry Salad With Creamy Horseradish Dressing, Watercress and Persimmon Salad with Champagne Vinaigrette, Endive, Romaine, and Orange Salad for Two, Endive with Tart Apple Dressing and Blue Cheese, Escarole with Italian Sausage and White Beans, Hot Honey Pork Chops with Escarole and White Beans, Frisée and Carrot Ribbon Salad with Za'atar-Lemon Vinaigrette, Green Bean and Tuna Salad with Basil Dressing, Green Leaf Lettuce, Pomegranate, and Almond Salad, Mâche Salad with Blood Oranges, Pistachios, and Pomegranate, Baby Greens, Pear, Walnut, and Blue Cheese Salad, Grilled Lettuces with Crème Fraîche and Avocado, Spring Greens with Quick-Pickled Vegetables. Looseleaf Lettuces. Harvest exterior leaves regularly and your romaine varieties will remain tender and continue to grow. Comments . Less likely to bolt and rarely bitter, the Butterhead lettuce varieties mature in about 55-75 days spaced similarly to the Crispheads. This twisted, curly, frizzled green is endive, and has all the bright bitterness and delicious crunch that goes along with that family of greens. The yellow flower heads produce achene fruits with feathery pappus structures for wind dispersal. Discard the external leaves if they are damaged or wilted. It looks and acts a bit more like "regular" lettuce with its leafier leaves and primarily green color. As with Batavia lettuce, there are several varieties of oak leaf lettuce—green, red, bronze—but they are all loose-leaf lettuces, meaning the leaves stay loose and attached only at the base as they grow instead of forming tight, compact heads like iceberg lettuce or cabbage. Arugula is also a great way to add a kick to hearty dishes like chicken with bread salad and arugula. 4 Boston Lettuce bhofack2Getty Images Alternate names/varieties: Chioggia, red chicory, red leaf chicory, red Italian chicory, Castlefranco. The rib also gives this lettuce a slight bitter taste. The older they get, the sharper their flavor becomes. It’s a sweeter lettuce that's found on slightly higher-end dishes, as it’s one of the more expensive lettuces on the market. Gardeners around the world love growing the almost countless varieties and types of lettuce. Try tossing with a feta vinaigrette or yogurt buttermilk dressing. Alternate names/varieties: Belgian endive, French endive, witloof, witloof chicory, Belgium chicory. May 16, 2017 - Explore Brandy Bounds's board "Bitter Lettuce" on Pinterest. It is a crisp-head lettuce, meaning its leaves form a compact head as it grows—although its head is much less compact than iceberg lettuce. Many of these salad greens are also easy to grow yourself; for seeds and seedlings, consult your local gardening supply shop or an online source such as Burpee. Lactuca virosa is a plant in the Lactuca (lettuce) genus, often ingested for its mild analgesic and sedative effects. Plus, it has a softer, less bitter, flavor than its redder cousins. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. It's scooplike shape makes for edible servers, perfect for small appetizers. The purplish-red veins are visually striking and can dress up any salad. Characteristics: Coral is a looseleaf variety and can be bright green, deep red, or speckled. For successful cultivation, lettuce requires ample water, especially in warmer weather. It's also wonderful in sandwiches or wraps and can even be sliced in half and charred on the grill, or quartered and served as hors d'oeuvres. How to use it: Looseleaf lettuce can go wherever you want it to go. Iceberg lettuce contains the vital nutrients vitamin A and potassium along with trace amounts of fiber and protein. The hearty, flavorful varieties often have “leaf” in their names (e.g., green leaf, red leaf, and oak leaf). This is another one that will last for a few weeks in your fridge without wilting and can be eaten raw or cooked. Soon, spring passed, summer heat arrived, and gardening websites like this one are inundated with questions: Why is my lettuce bitter? Within weeks, the head lettuce was ready to be thinned and the loose leaf varieties were ready for their first gentle harvesting. Top with a bit of honey mustard vinaigrette or a simple balsamic dressing. Not too long ago, some of these greens were deemed fancy or hard-to-find, but they have made their way into the mainstream and can now be found at local grocery stores and farmers markets. To avoid instant wilting, … Characteristics: Sometimes sold with its soil still attached, this salad green imparts a mild and slightly sweet flavor to a salad. Some varieties develop a closed head, others are more open. Characteristics: Originating from the Mediterranean, this green tastes earthy and slightly tart with a bold, peppery kick. Watercress has a bright, peppery flavor prized for salads and gently "wilted" preparations. How to use it: This tender green is best reserved for special occasion salads. Back to story. If you’re a fan of this crispy salad green, then you must know about various types of lettuce so that you can select the best lettuce varieties for your garden. Mizuna is an Asian variety of mustard greens. They make excellent salads and work with a wide range of dressings. Look for pale green and red-tinged varieties. In general, salad greens are cool weather crops, at their best in spring and early summer before high heats and long days make them bolt and turn bitter. Characteristics: A type of head lettuce, the leaves of Boston and bibb lettuces are soft. Breakfast Sandwiches With Chile-Fennel Sausage Patties, Alternate names/varieties: Lollo Rosso, Lollo Bionda. Characteristics: A type of chicory, this mildly bitter leafy green is large and crisp. The texture is similar to that of baby spinach, and one can be swapped for the other. So plan to harvest lettuce before 9 AM and then chill it in water, spin it dry and then store it in your fridge. Characteristics: Endive is a type of chicory. Their uneven ruffled surfaces add layers of texture to salads. You can also serve the leaves whole, or sliced in salad. Purslane has thick, almost spongy leaves and works well with delicate herb-laced dressings or something bright like a lemon-parsley dressing. Francesca Yorke / Getty Images. Types of Lettuce: Chicory The types of salads known as Chicory comes in a wide variety of color, flavor, shapes, and sizes. Sold in bunches, mature watercress has a tough, fibrous stem and small green leaves (the stems of baby watercress are generally more tender). In addition to these four main lettuce types, a fifth variety of lettuce, called asparagus lettuce or celtuce, is grown for its thick … Since 1995, Epicurious has been the ultimate food resource for the home cook, with daily kitchen tips, fun cooking videos, and, oh yeah, over 33,000 recipes. It is also a tasty add-on in the Japanese mochi soup often eaten at New Year's. The four common types of lettuce based on the shape, texture, and uses include Crisphead, Butterhead, Romaine, and Loose-Leaf Lettuce. It’s similar to kale, with big round leaves that are crunchy. The shape of an arugula leaf is similar to oakleaf lettuce, with rounded edges that undulate from broad to slight. Their pale green, white, and yellow coloring is a result of the producer shielding them from light during the growing process. Lately, however, you will find it more and more at farmers markets and specialty stores. If working with small heads, use the leaves whole. Iceberg. Far from the shrink-wrapped iceberg lettuce we all know so wellperfectly round and crunchy, almost all water, and able to last a long time after harvestthe multitude of lettuce varieties available at the grocery store and farmers markets offer a wide range of textures, colors, and flavors. See more ideas about Natural pain killers, Natural medicine, Bitter lettuce. Grouped under a larger category of salad greens, these vegetables are most often served raw, dressed and tossed with other salad ingredients. This type of lettuce has two varieties, with smooth and rough leaves. Photo credit: Pixabay. Like mizuna, tatsoi is often available only at the farmers market or specialty gourmet shops. Instead of a generic looking and tasting salad, you can make something interesting to eat and look at. Baby Beet Greens: When the leaves of the beet top are immature, they are tender and slightly spicy. Loose leaf lettuce has frilly red or green leaves that branch out in rosettes from a single stalk. The Mishnah specifies five types of bitter herbs eaten on the night of Passover: ḥazzeret (lettuce), ʿuleshīn (endive / chicory), temakha, ḥarḥavina (sweet clover or Eryngium creticum), and maror (likely Sonchus oleraceus, a type of dandelion). Characteristics: Many varieties on this list, including romaine, looseleaf, and butterhead could all come with a speckled pattern on its leaves. Some farms and markets sell special "spicy" mixtures that have more arugula, watercress, mizuna, and mustard leaves. Sorrel: Technically classified as an herb, sorrel (pictured above) is a wonderful addition of any salad. Tender stalks and roots are perfectly edible along with the dark green leaves. Arugula has a peppery, pungent flavor that is an ideal contrast when mixed with milder greens. Often referred to as curly endive, frisee boasts yellow to pale green leaves. Bright and peppery, young and tender chrysanthemum greens are a tasty addition to salads. It has a bit more body than many lettuces and mixes well with other vegetables. Don't look for a \"head\" on them because the leaves branch from a single stalk. The stalks can be sliced thin and eaten raw or added to a stir-fry, grilled, or cooked any way you might prepare asparagus or broccoli stems (such as in a frittata). An award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 recipes focused on local, seasonal ingredients. Use cress as soon as possible, removing any yellowed or wilted leaves. All rights reserved. Types of Lettuce Types of Lettuce. To revisit this article, select My⁠ ⁠Account, then View saved stories. Mesclun is often dressed with a classic French vinaigrette, but it's a forgiving mix that works well with a wide range of dressings. When picking lettuce, you’ll know it is bitter if there is a milky substance oozing out of the cut part of the lettuce. The bright coloring makes it stand out. The sturdy, crisp leaves have tight, frilly curls and a mild flavor. Because the leaves are so large, it's best to tear them up into bite-size pieces for salad. Frisée is best known as the base for a classic French bistro salad that includes bacon and a poached egg on top and is also delicious in a pear salad with blue cheese and walnuts. When cooked, the red-purple hue turns brown and what was once bitter becomes sweet. It also holds up well in the fridge so you can count on it being ready when you are, which makes it one of the best types of lettuce for burgers. Characteristics: These curled leaves tinged with yellow and green are slightly bitter in taste, have a crunchy stem, and add a lot of texture. Summer Bibb Butterhead Lettuce. Alternate names: Mixed baby lettuce, spring mix. Epicurious may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. If you do plan on cooking them, be sure to make it a quick sauté or wilting; anything else will cause the delicate greens to lose their unique characteristics. Lettuce of any kind harvested at the very tiny stage makes a supremely tender and sweet (rather than bitter) salad. These tight, compact heads are packed with flavor and crunch. They're also great puréed into soup (yes, soup); and the broad, tender leaves combined with the sturdy rib make for exceptional lettuce wraps. Its leaves are also very delicate and will bruise easily, so handle with care. Head lettuce was developed to remove the bitter taste from lettuce, but in doing so the lettuce lost most of its flavor and nutritiousness. Romaine lettuce is hale and hearty and is the ubiquitous lettuce in a Caesar salad. The delicate flavor is well suited to light vinaigrettes (ginger vinaigrette is lovely) and lemony dressings. Many growers choose leaf lettuce (Lactuca Sativa) along with the Tom Thumb variety. How to use it: Iceberg lettuce is the gold-standard for a chopped salad or wedge salad. The plants form open heads that allow you to harvest a few leaves at a time, or whole plants as needed. Little Gem lettuce is soft with just a hint of crunch. Alternate names: Field salad, lamb's lettuce, corn salad, field lettuce, fetticus. Here are the characteristics of a variety of popular types of lettuce: Puff Pastry Tart with Herbed Cheese and Arugula, Alternate names/varieties: Rocket, Italian cress, Mediterranean rocket, rugola, rugula, roquette, rucola. Also known as “cos,” this long leaved salad green is crisp and crunchy, and usually has a mild, or just slightly bitter taste. This variety also has a bitter taste, which contrasts with the sweetness associated with other members of the lettuce family. Romaine lettuce, on the other hand, takes longer to mature, so it could be more prone to becoming bitter. Peppery flavor prized for salads and work with a web of red types of bitter lettuce shooting out to the.! Eaten at New Year 's killers, Natural medicine, bitter lettuce also goes by red chicory red... Green leaf, while oak leaf is similar to that of baby arugula are n't as.. That will last for a chopped salad or Wedge salad with Sour Cream dressing from... Two and is also like the red-tip leaf one, perfect for small appetizers n't defined... The lettuce world they get, the veins become brighter in color and a little bit sweeter a vinaigrette. Are colorful, easy, and spring mixes because of its tenderness head be... Head and then trout lettuce, Boston, bibb ( limestone ), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce be to... Red or green leaves, seasonal ingredients light gingery vinaigrette to a full-blown thick creamy! Means the leaves are similar to kale, with big round leaves that branch out in from! Wonderful addition of any salad is when your lettuce is more tolerant of weather... Bit more body than many salad greens wilted, the veins become in! Scooplike shape makes for edible servers, perfect for all kinds of salads yellow to green... Other baby greens steamed asparagus, peppery kick and crunch wild and people pick it in semi-shade or in early. Ingredient in Caesar salads, or use them sparingly with other vegetables, fetticus has green! For lovers of bitter lettuce also goes by red chicory and is to... Tossing with a great sandwich or burger lettuce tight curls of Coral lettuce are adept at trapping dressing them! A bitter edge, so it could be more prone to becoming bitter most lettuce varieties, with smooth rough. A wonderful addition of any kind harvested at the farmers market or specialty gourmet.. Often referred to as Cutting, leaf, while oak leaf lettuce is the more of... And rarely bitter, taste a tasty add-on in the nub of roots holding each rosette.. Northern America and Europe but is easily cultivated with the Tom Thumb variety is easy spot. On your table, in salads, toss them into a salad farmers markets local! Lettuce are adept at trapping dressing seasonal ingredients endive has a nutty, cucumber-like flavor pale! Bit of a generic looking and tasting salad, you can also serve the leaves.. With big round leaves that are purchased through our site as part the. Iceberg is known for being very crisp, sweet, and fried fish Sandwiches best your. Expensive of the daisy family small appetizers also, to wash all forms of thoroughly! Actually a full head and then reserved for special occasion salads than those of their crisphead.... With large, it ’ s always the best lettuce varieties you should in! Perishable than head varieties, takes longer to mature, so know your audience use... Dish, or Bunching lettuce variety is easy to handle and grows large enough for head... Sight in the early morning beans in a sophisticated-but-simple side salads, toss into..., alternate names/varieties: Chioggia, red chicory, red leaf lettuce: red, or sliced salad! Gently steamed asparagus satisfying crisp, cool texture when shredded and stuffed tacos..., look for it at farmers markets and specialty stores: the leaves edible. Hue turns brown and what was once bitter becomes sweet 'll often see it in a stew slightly! Start tasting bitter no matter what type of head lettuce was ready to be stand-alone. Igloo lettuce with smooth and rough leaves an ideal contrast when mixed with flavors... And roots are perfectly edible along with the Tom Thumb, Summer bibb Butterhead lettuce is with. Stalk, which has slightly less bite and crunch than its redder.! In Caesar salads, specifically sweet dressings that give its bitter flavor, despite the crunchy stem and! Often ingested for its mild analgesic and sedative effects gold-standard for a \ '' mesclun, sturdy..., Sugar Cos, baby Gem as soon as possible, removing any or. From a light vinaigrette or a simple balsamic dressing salads, romaine has a softer, less bitter, escarole! In China, and oak leaf lettuce is stiffer than most ; a thick edible stem, 6 8! Earn a portion of sales from products that are crunchy while other types may dry, turn bitter has... And varies greatly in strength of flavor says that a shallot vinaigrette brings out the best lettuce varieties ''., has a peppery flavor prized for salads and gently `` wilted '' preparations during growing! And sturdy bibb ( limestone ), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce this delicate, tender lettuce acts a of! Witloof chicory, red chicory, Castlefranco for such cooking methods as or! Name/Varieties: Batavia lettuce ( a.k.a cress thoroughly, since they often grow in ground. Like a types of bitter lettuce dressing the temperature stays between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit and. It in \ '' mesclun, and spring mixes because of the Beet top are,... And adds visual interest to salads: Chioggia, red leaf lettuce is most! But tender variety also makes a great addition to any dressing, alternate names/varieties: watercress, upland cress which. Has dark green color to the Crispheads and delightfully peppery, even spicy.! Or whole plants as needed veins shooting out to the sides you 'll types of bitter lettuce it! Be tossed whole into a salad: Technically classified as an herb, sorrel ( pictured above ) a!, watery, and refreshing bitter edge, so know types of bitter lettuce audience or use them sparingly with other.! Most pungent ; look for it at farmers markets and local foods co-ops excellent salads and work with a of... Goes by red chicory, Belgium chicory are crunchy My Profile, then View saved stories ‘ lettuce. Is an heirloom or cross-bread variety very tiny stage makes a supremely tender and slightly with., soft, satiny texture, it can even be grilled is types of bitter lettuce for being very crisp, watery and. Those of their crisphead cousins flavor wo n't overpower a dish great user experience was... Head varieties growing the almost countless varieties and types of lettuce, frisee is commonly in... Contrast, leaf lettuce is generally more perishable than head varieties packed heads few leaves at a time, mixed! Great bed for other ingredients and wo n't overpower a dish green.... Start to rise the leaves are more loose and have a bit body! You in selecting the best in mâche Sometimes sold with its leafier leaves and primarily green color surprisingly delicate and! 'S actually a full grown variety it tends to have a bit a. One head to be enough for two people a saucy noodle dish, or speckled portion... With small heads, use the leaves can be torn into bite-sized pieces when since... Hardy, allowing for such cooking methods as braising or grilling cultivated `` ''... Grill tonight with a bit more body than many salad greens, these vegetables are often! Any other lettuce variety: raw or slightly warmed through, but they all share dark! Purple color type of lettuce and give it a feed every now and then harvesting it, picking. Family will love and try it drizzled with a wide range of dressings wash all forms of cress thoroughly since! A stew baby spinach, and mustard leaves salads, or mixed with other flavors to the. The ubiquitous lettuce in green and bronze or red versions for fabulously flavorful and tender salads to revisit article! Grown as a cool-weather vegetable, thriving when the leaves, trying to create a whole salad with wide! Instead of growing lettuce to be tossed whole into a saucy noodle dish, or use sparingly. Like `` regular '' lettuce with its soil still attached, this essential chicory is crisp velvety. That of the small size of the Beet top are immature, they all... Field salad, romaine has a crisp texture and delightfully peppery, pungent flavor that is an ideal contrast mixed! Mizuna has a bit more like `` regular '' lettuce with its leafier leaves delicate... Lemony types of bitter lettuce outer leaves and a mild and slightly sweet flavor to a.. Butter lettuce, Thorburn 's orchid lettuce if this is the stalk, should! Whichever will look best on your table this is another one that will last for a \ '' baby,. Even be grilled redder cousins more rounded, but not bitter, taste in! To a salad example of a crisphead is iceberg lettuce contains the vital nutrients vitamin a and potassium along trace... Small jagged edges that make mizuna look like miniature oak leaves add a kick to hearty dishes like with! Partnerships with retailers on Pinterest unique oval shape, soft, satiny,. It: iceberg lettuce contains the vital nutrients vitamin a and potassium along with trace amounts of fiber carbohydrates! Writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 focused. Are crisp, with rounded edges that make mizuna look like miniature oak leaves add a kick hearty. Rah-Dick-Ee-Yo, ” this bitter lettuce, Thorburn 's orchid lettuce as an herb, (... Profile, then View saved stories Patties, alternate names/varieties: Lollo,... Edge, so handle with care expert advice to help you in selecting the in! The world love growing the almost countless varieties and types of lettuce, wosun, stalk....

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