Olive (Olea europaea L.) is a common cultivated tree crop in the Mediterranean Basin.Inappropriate cultivation practices (i.e. Soil management practices can be classified as those affecting tillage, placement, and incorporation of residue and nutrients. Scientific Forest Management (SFM) is a framework (or management practice) that pilots our way to the attainment of sustainable forest management. 12 No. The terms ‘scientific forest management’ and ‘sustainable forest management’ have been used and understood interchangeably in the global forestry scenario in recent decades linking management activities to principles of sustainable development and focusing on the balance between three major pillars: ecological, economic, and socio-cultural. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the visual soil assessment (VSA) method by testing it on two soil types and two agricultural management practices (AMP) (organic and integrated) that are considered to protect soil quality. stream Under the aegis of the GSP, the World Soil Charter, which contains key principles and guidance for action towards sustainable soil management, was revised in 2015, in light of major policy and scientific developments over the past three decades. Through time humans developed soil management techniques of ever increasing complexity, including plows, contour tillage, terracing, and irrigation. What is Sustainable soil management (scope) 2. Sample Proposal: Agroforestry and Sustainable Farming Practices in Kaule, Nepal This small grant proposal was shared with us for learning purposes by the organization KEN in Nepal. Adoption Sustainable Soil Management Practices in Ramechhap District, Nepal. Temporary and permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land due to natural and human-induced activities such as soil erosion, changing cropping practices and less use of organic matter (OM) has been the greatest challenge faced by mankind in recent years, particularly in the hills and mountains of Nepal. Tillage speeds the decomposition of organic matter. Some soil management techniques are not necessarily new. Excess nitrogen speeds the decomposition of organic matter. Furthermore, crop management systems that impair soil quality often result in greater inputs of water, nutrients, pesticides, and/or energy for tillage to maintain yields. <> There is scope for doing research on the different aspects of SSM practices and the extent of their effect on different soil parameters (chemical, biological and physical). 2, 2015, pp. Abstract. , – Promotion of sustainable soil management (SSM) practices through a decentralised agriculture extension approach by involving all the stakeholders in a participatory way. Researchers looked at more than 175 sites across Liberia and Ghana and found that the soil with those additives had 200-300% more organic carbonthan soil without those extras and could withstand more intensive farming. �n��`�f�x T7�~pU��ˍlVϖ0����Q�6;)��X�ג�5A��/�maE�e'%�. Nepalese society faces challenges regarding agricultural disparity, a cultural problem rooted in the caste system. In sustainable systems, the soil is viewed as a fragile and living medium that must be protected and nurtured to ensure its long-term productivity and stability. endobj Under the aegis of the GSP, the World Soil Charter, which contains key principles and guidance for action towards sustainable soil management, was revised in 2015, in light of major policy and scientific developments over the past three decades. METHODOLOGY Present discussion on rainfall-runoff and soil loss processes is based on secondary information reported from different physiographic regions and land use types in different periods. This study investigated the level of adoption and factor affecting the level of adoption of sustainable soil management practices. The two principal practices for maintaining soil fertility were the application of farmyard manure (FYM) … Due to the absence of the mandate institution at the municipal level to oversee use, sustainable management of natural resource (soil) and monitoring incidence regularly. It is important to understand that changes in soil management practices affect soil water balance, temperature, biological activity, and gas exchange between the soil and the atmosphere. To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button. You can join in the discussion by joining the community or logging in here.You can also find out more about Emerald Engage. to promote sustainable soil management. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.44 841.68] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 1749.58 and 2173.36 respectively compared to before sustainable soil management practices in … sustainable soil management in geologically fragile Chure region in Nepal is essential where land/soil degradation seen as a common sight that continues decades. This might be due to the improvement in SOC which improves soil texture, increases nutrient supply from organic source and conserves water quality, thus, improving soil quality. to promote sustainable soil management. , – SSM practices mainly: OM management, … x��=k�7�� �?��=H��I�s77�g�]��w{?hFc�\f$E��u~����b�T�8�ؖ��"Y�*֋�����������������nU����ۧ^�����x�\?l����������z����+V���������XQ��Y�������Ż��Ϫb �����Y���,������3 �]D5�Ck����]���뢸x�{}���Eu���f]��6���d:�J��l:^6U]t-+����U�rΚ��s! Input‐driven, modern agriculture is commonly associated with large‐scale threats to biodiversity, the disruption of ecosystem services and long‐term risks to food security and human health. Governance and policy for sustainable soil management - the Global soil partnership 6. The soil shall be covered to protect it from erosion. SSM practices – a possible solution to combat soil degradation in the hills and mountains of Nepal SSM practices mainly comprise: SOM management, Sloping Agriculture Land Technology, stall feeding through promotion of fodder and forage, composting and crop residue/biomass management, integrated plant nutrition system (IPNS), integration of legumes in cropping system and … This is accomplished through broad scale application of real-time, on-farm monitoring. <> of the study revealed that, per ropani total cost of sustainable soil management based cauliflower production was lower whereas, gross income and gross margin were significantly higher by NRs. Vol. Through time humans developed soil management techniques of ever increasing complexity, including plows, contour tillage, terracing, and irrigation. The Sustainable Soil Management Programme (SSMP) is a Government of Nepal project under the Ministry of Agricultural Development, funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation of the Embassy of Switzerland in Nepal, and implemented by HELVETAS %���� The terms ‘scientific forest management’ and ‘sustainable forest management’ have been used and understood interchangeably in the global forestry scenario in recent decades linking management activities to principles of sustainable development and focusing on the balance between three major pillars: ecological, economic, and socio-cultural. Adoption Sustainable Soil Management Practices in Ramechhap District, Nepal. Eric C. Brevik, ... Beatriz Lozano-García, in Soil Mapping and Process Modeling for Sustainable Land Use Management, 2017. Organic matter is the food for the soil livestock herd. 13-24. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-07-2014-0015, Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Soil Health and Sustainable Land Resource Management Practices at Municipal Level: A Case from Bheri Nagarpalika (Municipality), Ja-jorkot District, Nepal Kabi Prasad Pokhrel* Environmental Geography, Tribhuvan University, Nepal ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT Article history Received: 13 July 2020 Accepted: 24 July 2020 Published Online: 30 July 2020 Such was the case with a global study that used a 700-year-old technique common in West Africa. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. (2015), "Sustainable soil management practices: A key to combat soil desertification in the hills of Nepal These are possible through maintaining and improving the soil organic matter, which is the most important indicator for soil health. Sustainable Soil Management Principles Summarized: Soil livestock cycle nutrients and provide many other benefits. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. ?�׫���Ǘs�����O���)>ƛ�� /T��N۹�GMjR@�!�a�j��3�V$�v%�P�bQ��a��V0�S�[+��*Q�~ɝd�(��| The SSMP was initiated in 1999 with the objective “to improve the livelihoods in Nepal’s middle hills of women and men small holders by fostering sustainable soil management (SSM) practices in the bari (rainfed)-dominated hill farming systems and their diffusion through a locally based extension system” (Prodoc III: 2007). Sustaining soil fertility is essential to the prosperity of many households in the mid-hills of Nepal, but there are concerns that the breakdown of the traditional linkages between forest, livestock, and cropping systems is adversely affecting fertility. Eric C. Brevik, ... Beatriz Lozano-García, in Soil Mapping and Process Modeling for Sustainable Land Use Management, 2017. You may be able to access teaching notes by logging in via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account. The author is indebted to the World Association for Sustainable Development (WASD) for selecting the paper and for giving an opportunity to participate in the conference. Soil management practices – knowledge and adoption 4. temporal variation in runoff and soil loss, its relation with land use and the implication for the sustainable management of watersheds in Nepal Himalayas. The focus of the project is to enhance the resilience of small-scale farmers to the effects of climate change and to open up new possibilities for income generation. ", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. This research was based on the primary data that was collected in 2012 at Chisapani, Nagdaha and Kathjor VDCs of Ramechhap district of Nepal to analyze the level of adoption and factor affecting the level of adoption of sustainable soil management practices. Different variables were fed to probit regression model to identify and quantify the major factors affecting the adoption of sustainable soil management technology. The author is grateful to the SSMP team and to HELVETAS Nepal and SDC for support towards the participation in the conference. Additionally, t… 1. Hence, farmers are mitigating pH through increased use of organic manures, where there is less availability of agriculture lime and they are far from road access. Although there is an extensive literature on Nepal's natural resources, there has been insuffi-cient analysis of the costs and benefits of present and possible future sustainable and biodiver-sity-friendly management practices from household, national, and global perspectives. Shrestha, S.K. Study investigated the production economics of sustainable soil management based cauliflower conducted at Nalang VDC of Dhading District in Nepal. [:Hj�n�y;��N���q�E��=�����=|�l���J�a�O;����X�P6t��jє|�����+1�.�d���6��*k:���`�?�����* 6�r=`N� �����)ok�>→�+v9a� �ˆMZq�:)hH��(����O=�jS�������h����������Q�y:�E;�RL�� H��Д�d�V��J5�ˡ�r����=�� �̩-� ��srP@�;B��^-o%������"�Z��Ǐ����H���y=۬�W�n����߾�v�l?��-|>�'9F;;,�� Soil knowledge and expertise 5. SSM interventions clearly indicated that there is significant impact in increasing soil fertility, conserving fertile top-soils and mitigating physical, chemical and biologic desertification processes. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the visual soil assessment (VSA) method by testing it on two soil types and two agricultural management practices (AMP) (organic and integrated) that are considered to protect soil quality. Basic soil management goes back to the earliest days of agricultural practices, approximately 9000 BCE. Soil Management Practices. This study used triangulated data from surveys of households, discussion groups, and key informants in 16 wards in eastern and western Nepal to determine the existing practices for soil fertility management, the extent of such practices, and the perception of the direction of changes in soil fertility. SSM practices mainly: OM management, fodder and forage promotion, increased biomass production systems, integrated plant nutrition systems, and bioengineering for soil and water conservation are identified as the most appropriate and relevant technologies in mitigating the desertification process without deteriorating land quality, particularly conserving the top-soils effectively and efficiently in the hills and mountains of the country. Nalang and Salang VDCs of Dhading district in Nepal were purposively selected for the study. ... problem of soil erosion, flood and landslide is increasing every year, Study investigated the production economics of sustainable soil management based cauliflower conducted at Nalang VDC of Dhading District in Nepal. ��m�Er�!խo˪S(�l�1�~v��' ���^��4B�Q'm�揎&�&Y�. This has created awareness among farmers. Thanks are due to the Forum for Sustainable Development Nepal for collecting the case studies for Community Based Disaster Risk Management activities implemented by UNDP, Nepal. World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development. 3, No. %PDF-1.5 Currently, Nepal has developed sustainable forest management criteria and indicators according to the country situation and are in the phase of testing”. 1 0 obj Due to the absence of the mandate institution at the municipal level to oversee use, sustainable management of natural resource (soil) and monitoring incidence regularly. The following information is all about Water and Soil Management for Sustainable Aquaculture. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of sustainable soil management practices to mitigate desertification process in the hills of Nepal. Promotion of sustainable soil management (SSM) practices through a decentralised agriculture extension approach by involving all the stakeholders in a participatory way. Findings of the study revealed that, … endobj Vol. In turn, these Voluntary Guidelines Soil management supports a range of ecosystem services 3. 21-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20150302.12 Abstract: This study investigated the level of adoption and factor affecting the level of adoption of sustainable soil management practices. temporal variation in runoff and soil loss, its relation with land use and the implication for the sustainable management of watersheds in Nepal Himalayas. Socio-economic Research on Management of Soil Fertility in Hills of Nepal, the Paper presented in the Workshop on Enhancing Farmer's Livelihood in the Hills of Nepal through Improved Soil Fertility organized jointly by National Agriculture Research Council and The University of Reading, in Kathmandu from 25-26 July, 1999. 1, pp. Abstract. Overall, the … In the modern scheme, nothing quite compares to the way villages in Nepal grow food. 3 0 obj SSM practices significantly contributes to combat soil desertification in the hills of Nepal. This is shiva kumar shrestha, sustainable soil management programme, nepal Purpose – Temporary and permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land due to natural and human-induced activities such as soil erosion, changing cropping practices and less use of organic matter has been the greatest challenge faced by mankind in recent years, particularly in the hills and mountains of Nepal. The Action plan: What is needed to bring about a trans- Good bottom soil and water quality are an essential ingredient for any successful aquaculture practices. 4 0 obj Hence, the purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of sustainable soil management practices to mitigate desertification process in the hills of Nepal. endobj It was based on primary data for the year 2012 obtained from randomly selected 60 sustainable soil management based cauliflower producers using pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule. In contrast to the world’s present agricultural landscape of mass monoculture—GPS-directed tractors on thousand-hectare swaths of GMO corn, soybeans, canola, rice—Nepal can feel like a saving grace. Sustainable agriculture mainly focuses on increasing the productivity of the soil and reducing the harmful effects of agricultural practices on climate, soil, water, environment and human health. 2 0 obj In turn, these Voluntary Guidelines You may be able to access this content by logging in via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account. Findings of the study revealed that, per … sustainable soil management in geologically fragile Chure region in Nepal is essential where land/soil degradation seen as a common sight that continues decades. It’s relatively simple and involves adding charcoal and kitchen garbage to highly weathered soils with low nutrient contents. Socio-economic Research on Management of Soil Fertility in Hills of Nepal, the Paper presented in the Workshop on Enhancing Farmer's Livelihood in the Hills of Nepal through Improved Soil Fertility organized jointly by National Agriculture Research Council and The University of Reading, in Kathmandu from 25-26 July, 1999. Sustainable soil management practices Sustainable soil management practices Shrestha, Shiva Kumar 2015-01-05 00:00:00 Purpose – Temporary and permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land due to natural and human-induced activities such as soil erosion, changing cropping practices and less use of organic matter (OM) has been the greatest challenge … 2, 2015, pp. If you think you should have access to this content, click the button to contact our support team. METHODOLOGY Present discussion on rainfall-runoff and soil loss processes is based on secondary information reported from different physiographic regions and land use types in different periods. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-07-2014-0015. It was based on primary data for the year 2012 obtained from randomly selected 60 sustainable soil management based cauliflower producers using pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule. Maintaining good soil quality is crucial for the sustainability of agriculture. RDC Nepal is one of the leading sustainable development organizations in Nepal and our mission is to promote public participation in caring for the Earth while earning a livelihood. Nepal The scope of watershed management can be defined from a narrow site-specific focus dealing with a particular issue, such as high rates of soil erosion, to a broader rural development focus to fit the priorities of local organisations (p.33 box). This research is focus on the overall effect of SSM practices due to time and budget constraints. The major objective is to enhance the livelihoods of farmers and improve the productive capacity of their land through better management of the soil while reducing reliance on external agrochemical inputs. In section 6 of this working paper, the criteria and related indicators from Forest Europe are used to assess the sustainability of forest management in Nepal’s conditions. Management Practices, 2006-2008. 21-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20150302.12 Abstract: This study investigated the level of adoption and factor affecting the level of adoption of sustainable soil management practices. Maintaining good soil quality is crucial for the sustainability of agriculture. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of sustainable soil management practices to mitigate desertification process in the hills of Nepal. To address management complexity, Precision Sustainable Agriculture requires climate-, soil-, and management- specific information. The Sustainable Soil Management (SSM) Programme initiated in 1999 aimed to enable farmers in hilly regions of Nepal. According to GlobalGiving, malnutrition and food insecurity are common obstacles that Nepalese society endures. Basic soil management goes back to the earliest days of agricultural practices, approximately 9000 BCE. Steep, complex geography and the late acceptance of Western influences have kept much […] Abstract. Reduces the use of non-renewable sources and inputs from petroleum-based products and uses renewable resources to generate production. Visit emeraldpublishing.com/platformupdate to discover the latest news and updates, Answers to the most commonly asked questions here, (Sustainable Soil Management Programme, Lalitpur, Nepal), Best practice in promotion of technologies. Sustainable agriculture in Nepal is essential to the growth and development of the Nepalese.. In Nepal, the scope of soil conservation and watershed management is broad SSM practices have resulted in an increase of up to 30 per cent in crop yield compared to yields without SSM practices. <>>> 3, No.
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